Pyrrhus = Putin

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Publish Date: 9/26/2018
Speaker Name: Tess Lambert
Language: English
Channel Group: ASOTP
YouTube Title: (09-26-18) Morning - Pyrrhus = Putin-h0Aug_64cmI
YouTube ID: h0Aug_64cmI

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Amen understands that it would be normal to have notes in a class of this style and I've decided to not print notes because I don't believe that would be that that useful to you I'm happy to notify my sources and send I'm happy to send all my notes if people request them but really for some of this history it's been a little bit like wading through knee-deep mud to try and find relevant points in those paragraphs and I haven't wanted people to have to do that and get bogged down with details of other Kings other unrelated events or the personal opinions of the authors so if you want to look at 80 joins it provides a very good framework for the life of Pyrus there are details here missus where other sources have been necessary but I've tried to be able to lay this line out as concisely as simply as possible without really adding unnecessary confusion so I want to just do a bit of revision I know that we covered a lot of history yesterday so we'll go over this line just just telling it like a story in a moment one thing that I want to note is that as we've seen from 273 BC and understanding that war that this is a battle between the north and the south the king of the north and the King of the South understanding that Pyrus in that Park War played the role of the king of the south his name Pyrus comes from the prefix pyro and that's probably a word you'll recognize pyro meaning fire high temperature etc used in the formation of compound words such as pyromaniac pyrotechnics pyrogen etc or relating to fire or temperature heat pirates particularly though is now means flame red and it's referencing that color the red color that you associate with fire or burning embers so it's that that color of fire Paris was born four years after the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC into a very turbulent time in world history those 22 years that span for diadochi wars those four die dokie wars are what broke down Alexander the great empire from dozens of generals down to the four ones that we know of the four horns of Daniel chapter the line width marked really is marking Paris's not his birth but his entrance onto the world scene into the world politics of that time so where he enters these global turbulent times is in 303 BC and this is in the middle of the fourth diadochi war in the third and the fourth die dokie war you have our four famous generals united against a common enemy Antigonus known as Antigonus mono thalmus Antigonus the one-eyed because he would wear an eyepatch he only had one eye he was supported in battle by his son demetrius and demetrius was in an alliance with Pyrus by marriage so in 307 bc demetrius frees athens from a dictator placed by Cassander this broke the peace treaty that ended the third Dido key war and began the fourth Parsons and demetrius go into an alliance in 303 in 301 bc this alliance is useful when Pyrus backs demetrius at the famous battle of ipsus Cassander Lysimachus and Seleucus turning up just in time with approximately 400 war elephants that had brought from the east fight against antagonist Demetrius and Pyrus and our three allies are victorious in this battle but for Demetrius who is really the the main character I'm wanting to pick up in this story other than Pyrus for him it's not such great a loss because he from with the death of his father he ascends to the throne he becomes king he has his own Navy his own territory to fall back on and within a fairly short space of time he's built up an empire that rivals that of his father's to be a Pyrus in this battle undefeated but has to retreat when Antigonus is killed we covered a little of this history in here that isn't really written down the division of macedonia that occurred because of the death of Cassander who left it to his eldest son who died then you had two younger brothers fighting for the kingdom and out of that struggle which both Pyrus and demetrius got involved in Pyrus fairly valiantly just took his piece of territory and placed one brother on the throne Demetrius though as appears to be his character just killed that brother and took the throne of Macedonia so in in this jumble of of politics they both take Macedonia and and to divide it between them so you have a division of territory this put a huge strain on their alliance by 291 BC this division has occurred Pyrus the sister who married demetrius has died what I didn't mention yesterday is Pyrus his wife LaNasa she married Pyrus and brought with her some territory particularly some islands located just off from Pyrus from Epirus in that marriage and the story is told that she came from a background where polygamy wasn't accepted and Pyrus didn't so she saw him as being unfaithful to her when he started marrying multiple wives so in 291 BC she picks up her territories rights to Demetrius and says why don't I marry you instead so she leaves her husband Pyrus for demetrius taking a territory with her so that naturally does not doesn't really go over well between the two suppose it allies so in 291 Demetrius is besieging a city down here in Greece and Pyrrha starts to make trouble he comes down here and invades désolée which is also part of Demetrius is empire him having built an empire that spanned this region and what he's doing is cutting demetrius off in greece from his holdings in macedonia he's quickly expelled I don't believe they have a fight a battle but when demetrius comes up to face him Pyrus runs back to empires demetrius responds to that kind of parse kind of started it Demetrius responds by finishing his sage which he was victorious in as always and marching up through Thessaly through into a Pyrus and just sending his army right up to ravage the territory which he does very successfully again there is no battle Pyrus misses him somehow ends up in Thessaly he does one-on-one combat with the general of Demetrius and he does in that fight he is victorious so this was kind of their first battle after this they entered into a peace treaty Demetrios undertook this huge military buildup that they said was more than what even in conservative estimates was a greater military buildup than Alexander the Great had built to try and take over the East so it's a huge huge enterprise he's undertaking here and this concerns the out three remaining allies who are still alive Lysimachus Salukis and ptolemy they have years worth of memories of trying to take down to meet Theresa's father and now that he is about as strong as his father and building up this this huge army and machines of war they know that he's going to threaten them very soon so they go into an alliance with Pyrus Pyrus joins them they come through Macedonia from the east and the West so Pyrus marching from the east and Lysimachus Seleucus and ptolemy don't show up but Lysimachus marching from the east so pirates from the West Lysimachus from the east diverge onto Macedonia demetria's army abandon him and join either Lysimachus or Pyrus most of them appear to have joined Pyrus so what you have now is Macedonia divided between East and West between Lysimachus and between pirates Demetrius here being defeated this sparked a cold war where Lysimachus was not happy just having that eastern portion through sanctions through subterfuge he turns Pyrus his own territories against him and Pyrus loses all but his nation of their pirates that we have marked also at this way mark we have a change in scene so while all of this is going on in Macedonia over in Italy thery has changed it's changed its Alliance really so thoroughiy located on the the western side of the the Bay of Tora the Gulf of Toronto decided to align with Rome and this was the the the the trouble most of these Greek city-states faced is they eat in each city state there was two factions vying for power this was the Democrats versus the aristocrats the aristocrats wanting that mainly being driven by wealth knew that an alliance with Rome would be more beneficial to that the Democrats more patriotic and being Greeks themselves wanted to maintain their alliance with Tarentum really it depends which dictator you want and whose sphere of influence you want to come under whether you would choose to rent him or roam thery appealed to rome twice to 85 and again i think he was in 283 that second time when rome cents down a navy and troops stationed a garrison in theory and this broke an old treaty that they had with Tarentum and it was the last straw for Tarentum they attacked that navy of ten ships sunk for captured one they then invaded three and expelled the garrison and this sparked a declaration of war from rome they aren't strong enough to wage war themselves against a nation the nation that rome had become over the last last few years so they send our ambassadors to air Pyrus and ask iris to fight this war on their behalf Pyrus agrees and arrives in tarentum in 280 here he marches into the city stations his own army and to prepare for war really this is internal he's bringing 2 wrentham under control later that same year earlier than pyres was willing already Rome descends on Tarentum and he's forced into a battle the Battle of heraclea in 280 this is the first time Rome has seen elephants and that's really what wins the battle for Paris it's a smaller battle and now this coming into winter time they have to do that they aren't able to continue so the following spring they meet a Tusculum they fight a second two-day battle twice the size Rome has now prepared they've prepared 300 anti elephant carts that isn't that doesn't help their situation and Pius wins once again both time winning but at a great loss to himself because rain Rome is just so easily able to replenish their army having much more resources Pyrus cannot he goes into a very shaky armistice with rome and sails down to sicily they're wanting to rebuild essentially he turns himself into a dictator he desecrates a temple but it is of no use to him and sicily very soon turns against him and while they asked him to come to free them from carthage now they go to carthage and ask carthage to free them from Pyrus carthage was a better master than paris had been rome again is descending on the south so Pyrus sails back to italy and meets them in the battle of benevento here he loses and he loses to his own elephants again elephants decide the battle when they turn and charge on his own troops Pyrus losers heads back to tarentum jumps on earth on a ship and flees back to his country of Epirus we looked at the name benevento what it meant as the Italian Salem 273 BC Egypt sends embassadors to Rome Egypt has had a lot of contact with Pyrus over the years Paris's first wife was Ptolemies stepdaughter so they have followed they've been following this battle and really it's these three battles this war with Rome that makes them makes them take notice of Rome so they send ambassadors into 73 in 272 Rome sends embassadors back to Egypt for led by Fabia's Maximus judges the maximum flood Pyrus dies in the streets of Argos Argos meaning the white color of rain at harvest he is 46 years old and Tarentum finally surrenders they've been under siege since 275 the three siege so you have the completed falling of the south so we understand from Daniel chapter 2 and that statue and when Daniel says to Nebuchadnezzar thou art this head of gold we understand that a kingdom and a king can be used interchangeably so I've suggested that Pyrus is the king of the south I would suggest that Tarentum represents the king of the south and depending which line of history we see a change in in this history of Pyrus also represents the king of the south so I want to pause our our journey through history and have a little look at a Pyrus and the history of that back country this was where I find Paris's name interesting that color red if you look at the French Revolution color the color red became their symbol and it was used to symbolize the blood of the workers the rising up of the workers and the blood that they shed that color red then came up again in 1848 with the European revolutions as as that revolutionary spirit spread across Europe and then with the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia the red flag was seen as a symbol of revolution and then a symbol of communism if you look at the flag of the Soviet Union any of their military parades any of their demonstrations even what Putin is bringing back now he has military parades is flying the Soviet flag and everything is the color red so if you follow back into the history of a Paris much like the history of Rome it descends into the mythological where they believed they would they had descended from gods the first known king that enters that history the first King that history records is Admetus in around 500 BC I'm going to mark him as the first from in meters Paris is the tenth the tenth and the most famous king Pyrus was inexperienced and fairly weak when he first came to the throne so as a young man he did something that seems a little bit too modern and he attended a friend's birthday party outside of his kingdom while he had left his kingdom unoccupied a rival faction stepped up and took the throne from him and that king was near to limas the second what Pyrus them did is using his really he used his alliance with Ptolemy to come back into a Pyrus with a certain amount of strength and he forced net to limas into a KO rulership so these two rules together for a period of time and their KO rule alleging that nepto limas was plotting against him Pyrus used that annex as an excuse to have him killed and again he was sole ruler after Pyrus died in 272 BC there are 7 Kings after him I just want to mark the number 7 and after those 7 Epirus was ruled by what is known as the epic league a league of a League of Nations so in our history who do you think would be represented by Pyrus king and a kingdom and who is the king of the south Vladimir Putin who is Putin the tenth from counting back through the leaders of Russia Putin is the tenth leader of Russia since Stalin Putin though came to the presidency young fairly inexperienced without a lot of without a long solid background in politics he had only been involved in the politics in Moscow for a number of about three or four years so he steps into the presidency not by election but by boris yeltsin's resignation in 1999 end of 1999 in the year 2000 he runs for election and wins 2004 his first term ends he runs for election again he runs a second term 2008 is the end of his second term and that is the maximum he's allowed to to rule for under the Russian Constitution they're only allowed to run for two consecutive terms the key being consecutive he can run for a third term but not consecutively so he knows 2008 is the end so what does he do in 2008 he makes a very very clever move he names his preferred successor as Dmitry Medvedev on the 10th of December 2007 this took the West by surprise as they thought Medvedev to modern to pro-western to earn putin's endorsement they are expecting him to choose someone from his old ranks in the KGB but Medvedev was successful the elected on the promise that he would make Putin his Prime Minister I find the poster for his election absolutely fascinating you have a photo of Putin and Medvedev standing side by side and it reads together we win this was a Co rulership not even hidden note of it oh then Putin Co ruled and if you want to get into body language with that photo there's two men standing by the side by side and who's in front butin and who's talking Putin Medvedev is sitting in the background smiling taking it all in Medvedev isn't even in the front Medvedev is faithful probably because the other options aren't very salad aren't very congenial and he does not run for a second term he just runs for the one term which is all Putin needs him to do in 2011 Putin announces that he's running for a third term and he steps back in as president we're going to mark his death at Sunday law I'd like to suggest you can mark the number seven and then his territory is ruled by the airport league a League of Nations so I hope we can see that Pyrus can represent Putin I want to make that try and lock that down a little more for us if we can and go back into the history of his father so I'll just mark down some kings we have his father a CDS Nataly miss the second in this story it is the same fellow is a DS again and then I'll say just a second and I'll just run you through this history so ASC DS involved his people in a wall they did not want to be in and that war was the second of those died okie was a SATs being a close relative of Olympius the mother of Alexander the Great as Queen Mother she became heavily involved in those first two diadochi Wars where her daughter-in-law her grandchildren was still alive and pretty much being passed around by the generals as the inheritors of Alexander the Great's Kingdom so she became heavily involved in those Wars a CDS her being a princess of a Pyrus a SATs then came to her aid and involved himself in the second Iraqi war his people were tired of fighting they didn't see the need of leading leaving their families and their crops to march and get involved in these squabbling generals so it pretty much his rule here ended with a popular uprising the people were tired of this war so he flees and knee up to Lemus the second arrival family for the throne in EPP iris becomes king for a short period of time then the upper roat's the people of Epirus return a CDS to the throne but he's severely weakened because of this affair severely weakened his Santa sends his brother and has him killed aya Sadie's brother Pyrrha says uncle Alcides ii then takes the throne al satus is the elder brother he's older than is a DS the reason that he was not the first choice to take the throne back here is he had what you would call as what the historians have called whatever they mean by that but it's repeated by all the sources I can find was that he had a lack of self-control all they call it is an uncover noble temper so AFC DS is removed in a coup NIT to Lemus the seconds takes the throne the rival Hades comes back but weakened he is killed and I'll see to us the second his elder brother takes the throne who had a nun governor bull temper the upper ropes quickly become tired of Alcides the second behavior and they kill him his own people so if we trace back a little bit of history from Putin you have Gorbachev in 1991 you have the gang of eight led by your naôve they removed Gorbachev in a coup and he does Clair's himself signs a decree making him acting president of the Soviet Union it's very short it doesn't last long that coup ends its unsuccessful and Gorbachev is able to come back but he's severely weakened by this also in the eyes of the West encyclopedia britannica says gorbachev resumed his duties as soviet president but his position had by now been been irretrievably weakened entering into an voidable alliance with Yeltsin Gorbachev quit the Communist Party disbanded its Central Committee and supported measures to strip the party of its control over the KGB and the Armed Forces events outpaced him however and the Russian government under Yeltsin readily assumed the functions of the collapsing Soviet government as the various Republic's agreed to form a new Commonwealth under Yeltsin's leadership on December 25 of 1991 Gorbachev resigned the presidency of the Soviet Union which ceased to exist that same day I want us to note that that when Gorbachev steps down the Soviet Union ceases to exist they lowered the Soviet flag and raised the flag of the Russian Federation and who steps up next Boris Yeltsin because of his behavior back in the history of this coup the famous footage of him climbing on a tank addressing the people the bravery he showed the people loved him but they lost that love very quickly why complete lack of self-control he did not keep the respect of the Russian people his absence from government is unpredictable public appearances regularly heavily intoxicated and the corruption of his government war the people down just try and bring stability to his government he went through six different Prime Minister's in a relatively short period of time and even for one period acted as his own prime minister particularly I would mark his is alcoholism if you go onto YouTube there's videos where his bodyguards are literally holding him up as he walks down from a plane or standing in front of President Clinton he can't even stand and this really also affected his health so it was a lack of self-control but it was also health health reasons and you'll see why I want to want to include that in a minute and this is why Putin takes the presidency relatively young and inexperienced so we've seen Pyrus a represents Putin but if we understand end from beginning who else does Putin represent Stalin based on our understanding of the beginning showing the end Pyrus is Putin Putin is Stalin it's fascinating that the secular commentators even those that were loyal to Putin who draw comparisons between Putin and Stalin and I want to look at some of the parallels between these two men one soviet and russian military leader is one of my sources and he does all this from a positive perspective saying that history has been cruel to stalin that he was a good guy and even he can start constan constantan petrov marks these similarities to show how Stalin and Putin are are so similar prior to Putin the rulers before him Yeltsin Gorbachev the ones before them they'd come from relatively wealthy core lack families the collapse being the the wealthy peasant class Putin didn't and neither did Stalin Stalin was raised in extreme poverty his father was an alcoholic shoemaker they lived in nine rented properties over ten years he was also heavily abusive and violent Stalin's mother fled her husband and walked worked as a laundress to support herself and Stalin Putin was raised in communal housing in the slums of Leningrad his first job was hunting rats in the stairwells of the apartment these communal housing apartments shared all the same facilities and their most intimate living quarters were separated by cardboard the history of his family before is fascinating I think it was his grandmother who went through the siege think it was of Stalingrad Leningrad they're not Leningrad and that the history of what these people went through the the percentage of that city that died and she's so weakened that they took her and threw her in with the dead bodies not knowing she was still alive where she laid four days till crawling her way out so Putin comes from a family of fighters and survivors but through awful awful history start Stalin was part of the ground force foot soldier at the beginning of the USSR he undertook paramilitary campaigns he robbed banks to fund the Bolshevik Revolution he was really just a foot soldier Putin foot soldier part of the Ground Force at the end of the USSR as a member of the KGB both at the time comparatively to those around them unimportant positions are Stalin was a Bolshevik Bolshevik operative he organized strikes paramilitary operations he's reported to a robbed a number of banks killed quite a lot of people anything to support the Bolshevik Revolution Putin stationed in Dresden Germany during 1989 during the fall of the Soviet Union it's interesting he's called that fall of the Soviet Union the greatest geopolitical disaster of the 20th century so when you think of the millions that died and the geopolitical disasters that occurred from the beginning of the 1900s to through to the year 2000 I find that quite a statement into Putin's mind that he thinks nothing compared to the fall of the Soviet Union Stalin became part of the communist government in 1917 pretty much just with the Bolshevik Revolution and how he did this was pretty much by gaining favor of the leadership Lenin appointed Stalin to the post of general secretary of the Soviet Union in 1922 so Lenin appointed him this isn't not an important sounding position general secretary but this is the only position Stalin ever held he never graduated beyond general secretary all he did was make that position as Secretary the most powerful important one in the Soviet Union so you can argue that Lenin placed him in power by giving him this position by 1929 about seven years later it defeated every last rival and either killed them or banished them Putin almost identical entered local politics in 1991 moved to Moscow in 1996 to enter state politics three years later in 1999 Boris Yeltsin appoints him first Prime Minister that and then at his resignation appoints him as president so Yeltsin appointed just like Stalin had to spend those first few years suppressing rivals Putin steps into a government that is not all that powerful to begin with partly is because of the elite the billionaire oligarchs that are now the most powerful people inside of Russia you quickly during the early 2000 the year 2000 as he is running for that first election he very quickly makes a deal with the oligarchs and works on bringing them under control something that now he has done completely successfully if you hear that a Russian oligarch is doing something that is business or personal or political you know that Putin is behind it it's interesting they are there was one oligarch a billionaire who was dating Putin's daughter no they were married you married Putin's daughter they broke up earlier this year it appears that he had an affair suddenly out of nowhere he is well carved absolutely haft no one knows why everyone knows that his wealth just his stocks everything cut by half you don't cross Putin they're saying it's lucky it's just alive they have a similar method and this is particularly what what what constantan petrov noted between the two men so this is someone who sees both of them very favorably is that they were all similarly both maintain a higher understanding that anyone else in their team they don't follow a plan a written script by advisers anything anyone else in the Russian government is of a lower understanding on any particular issue than Vladimir Putin stalin ruled the same way so they always or above their advisors and it's one thing that makes him very unpredictable the other thing noted by constantan Petrov is both abound by what is formed in the life of the society and this is something that I find particularly interesting in the argument about whether or not Russia is still communist both are bound by what is formed in the life of this society so Stalin it's argued that he was not faithful to Lenin or Marxist theology but to be a dictator that is what he had to use to maintain control of the people to imply that all he was doing was following the path set out by Lenin to stay in power Putin must follow what is formed in the life of this society now it is the appearance of democracy and loyalty to particularly the Orthodox Church and institutions so he must appear to run as president whether or not that means anything or not he must appear to have an orthodox spiritual life whether or not he does they are bound by what is formed in the life of the society there are conspiracy theories which I try to avoid about Putin's early life and some of them are a little bit plausible about how he grew up whether or not he was adopted I just want to note that if that conspiracy theory is true that he was adopted his early life is almost identical to Stalin's both where they grew up there their parentage all of those those things are take not a completely identical but the parallels become a whole lot closer and both starting out by undertaking war in Chechnya also which was Stalin's first work so if we can note particularly that pyrus is Putin and Putin is Stalin who is Paris also Paris is also Stalin what I want to do then it's pretty much map the Soviet Union not from its birth like Paris but from the time it enters global politics where it enters the world stage so Stalin spent the first years of his rule consolidating power and this was a long process as the only position he was ever given was that of general secretary its it was an interesting interview earlier this year where Putin justified Stalin's policy policies and said that those policies were necessary because of their external threats that Stalin had been facing that the Soviet Union faced in this time and then he named the two threats the rise of Hitler in Nazi Germany and the Spanish Civil War both have one common thread and that is the rise of fascism so a little bit of context World War one like the third die dokie war ended in a peace treaty you have this period of peace before the exact same players go at it again I have looked at the third die dokie war and really for time not because I don't believe that it can be done I absolutely believe it can be done but I know that in those died okie was you'll find the First World War the parallels are too similar so the third ends with a peace treaty you have this period of peace before the second or the fourth war begins that 1919 Treaty of Versailles forced to Germany to take responsibility for World War one to pay heavy reparations to the Allies and like many Germans at all Hitler felt that this was unfair so with the loss of World War one you have a great loss of national pride and living conditions I want to note 1929 in this history 19:29 is a real turning point in 1928 Hitler came in ninth with 2.6 percent of the vote and only 14 of 491 seats in the Reichstag 1929 comes and with it comes the Great Depression Germany for in the years previously had been having trouble making their reparation payments to France and Britain that they'd agreed under the Treaty of Versailles and to remedy this under the Dawes plan America loaned Germany a huge amount of money but when the stock market crashed in 1929 America wanted their loans repaid this put a huge strain on what was left of the German economy this final hit after a 10-year loss of prosperity and national pride and was exactly what the Nazi propaganda machine needed so if you note Hitler's rise in just a couple of years in 28 1928 his comes in 9th with 2% 2.6 percent of the vote 14 of 491 seats of the Reichstag the next year he comes in second he goes from ninth to second not 14 seats but a hundred and seven seats and 18.2 five percent of the vote 1932 a couple of years later he comes in as winner with 230 seats thirty-seven point two seven percent of the vote and January of the next year he is appointed Chancellor 27th of February the Reichstag fire occurs and he uses that as an excuse to nullify civil civil liberties and pretty much place himself as dictator so his meteoric rise comes in 1929 with the Great Depression and it's really that that economic situation that they were able to use 1929 Stalin defeats his last last opponent and achieves absolute power it's also his fiftieth birthday the press began to virtually deify him and that's when he really starts building this cult of personality 1929 is the Lateran treaty in exchange for this treaty with the Vatican the Vatican agreed to disband the Catholic centre party in Italy so also in 1929 the last democratic party opposing mussolini voluntarily disbands so you can play small Cellini Hitler and Stalin all in 1929 and the Catholic Church referred to Mussolini as their new Constantine this is just worth noting this was the agreement that the Catholic Church was making at that time and it's what they did with Hitler a few years later was dissolved the Catholic center party it was pretty much the last Democratic stronghold against these dictatorships in Europe both in Germany and in Italy and to pass their code of canon law that this church law that they developed they went into alliance with these nations agreeing to disband any Catholic opposition and that's one of a few reasons that they say that the papers he helped place Hitler the Vatican itself wasn't afraid to disband these Catholic Center parties because they were independent to Vatican control so if they're not taking their orders from the Pope they're virtually useless to the Vatican in fact they wanted them gone because they supported policies and it just wasn't the top-down structure that they were looking for even though they were Catholic what I particularly want to mark in this history though is the Spanish Civil War which occurs from 1936 to 1939 in the early 1930s Joseph Stalin was deeply concerned about the spread of fascism in Europe so to encounter act the growing power of Hitler and Mussolini he encouraged the formation of left-wing governments and this is what the Spanish Civil War was pretty much all about it was a titanic struggle between communism and fascism and who was going to take Spain this was when on the back of a government change one president was ousted and a left-wing communist leaning president was placed in in in May of 1936 and soon afterwards Spanish army officers began plotting to overthrow the government those Spanish army officers soon being led by General Franco so this Spanish Civil War breaks out in July of 1936 17th of July 1936 France quickly called on all the countries of Europe not to intervene in this Spanish Civil War in September of 1936 France drew up a non intervention agreement which was signed agreed to by 27 countries including Germany Italy and the Soviet Union none of them held to that non-intervention agreement Mussolini begins to give aid to General Franco and his nationalist forces and during the first three months of that non-intervention agreement since 98 alien aircraft refitted the cruiser Canaris which was their largest ship and on the 28th of November the Italian government signed a secret treaty with the Spanish nationalists so Mussolini takes the side of the generals general Franco who was fascist leaning Adolf Hitler also continued to give to Franco but he disguised this by sending men planes tanks and ammunition or through Portugal and into Spain Joseph Stalin now became concerned that Franco would defeat the Republican government and he took the view that another fascist state in Europe would pose a threat so Stalin becomes involved and this descended into a proxy war spartacus education Soviet Union and the Spanish Civil War the Soviet Union provided considerable help to the Spanish Communist Party to improve its position in the Popular Front government the Soviet Union were the main supplies of military aid to the Republican Party this included 1,000 aircraft 900 tanks 1,500 artillery pieces 300 armored cars 15000 machine guns 30,000 automatic firearms 30,000 mortars 500,000 rails and 30,000 tons of ammunition the Soviets expected the Republicans to pay for these military supplies in gold on the outbreak of the war Spain had the world's fourth largest reserves of gold during the war approximately 500 million dollars worth or two-thirds of Spain's gold reserves were shipped to the Soviet Union in that three-year period the Spanish Civil War of 1936 239 is remembered today as a sort of Second World War in training a playoff game between the championship match between team axis and team allies this was the proxy war that was the Spanish Civil War and it ended on the 1st of April 1939 Franco defeating the republican government another fascist state was was formed it's interesting that the role that the Catholic Church also played in this in opposing communism they became heavily involved in the Spanish Civil War as well and around this time they're also working closer and closer with Hitler in Germany it's interesting that the Pope was quick to point out during the Spanish Civil War to point people to it to say how much worse things could be under Bolshevism than under fascism and this was a theme of a three-hour conversation between Cardinal full harbor of Munich and Adolphe Hitler at the Fuehrer's mountain retreat in November Hitler hopped continually on the dangers of communism imploring the Cardinal to persevere with efforts towards conciliation with the Nazi government for harbor Cardinal full harbours observed the Fuehrer commands the diplomatic and social forms better than a born sovereign without doubt the Chancellor lives in faith in God he recognizes Christianity as the foundation of Western culture not as clear is his conception of the Catholic Church as a god established institution that is Hitler's Pope by John Cornwall page 180 as soon as the civil war began the Spanish hierarchy and the Vatican took an open and bold stand for Franco despite Spanish Catholic hierarchy and unleashed all the power of the Catholic Church against the Republican government the the clergy of Spain became a virtual combatants and it was described by the cap Vatican as a holy war to save Spain from the Marxist hordes so Hitler Mussolini Franco and the Vatican were on the same side in the Spanish Civil War and after the defeat of the Spanish Republican forces Franco established himself as a Catholic dictator in 1939 Pius the 12th stated that God should be thanked for once more the hand of divine providence has manifested itself over Spain should be noted the tens of thousands of hundreds of thousands of people Franco killed in that Spanish Civil War including Catholics and priests and nuns and after that in fact after World War two ended while Franco was still in power Spanish Catholics would gather at the Vatican under that porch area where the Pope comes out and after the Pope addressed the people they would shout Spain for the Pope and the Pope would shout and the Pope is for Spain but as we noted this civil war ended in April of 1939 and there had been this huge struggle between fascism and communism between Hitler and Mussolini and Stalin so what took the world by complete and total shock and surprise was when these two ideological enemies on the 23rd of August four months later signed the Molotov Ribbentrop pact this was the Molotov Ribbentrop pact towards this time in 1939 but just before this Germany had annexed Austria in a border area of Czechoslovakia and Britain and France had up till then tolerated his aggression but then he made a territorial demand on Poland in the spring of 1939 and it became clear that France and Britain would not tolerate any more of Hitler's aggression further annexations would mean war in the West for Hitler so Germany and France made a pact with Poland these three nations came together to sign a pact to guarantee the integrity of Polish territory if Hitler touched Poland it would be war understanding in this history with Hitler's aggression his noise that he's instigating war with the West so the last thing he can afford is to then have war in the East at the very beginning of his campaign this forces him to recognize that the only hope is to go into an alliance with one of his enemies and he does that in August with Stalin so Hitler knows his facing war on the West and he cannot fight a two-front war just yet Stalin who was in less of a hurry this is a book by Timothy Snyder Stalin and Europe imitation and domination says Stalin who was in less of a hurry choice to keep Hitler waiting until the outcome of a major offensive against Japan in the Soviet Japanese border war by the 22nd of August the Red Army's victory was assured the next evening the German foreign minister Ribbentrop was in Moscow for negotiations with the the the Russian foreign minister Molotov those negotiations ended in a ten-year non-aggression pact and this pact is signed they meet just before midnight they're negotiating over midnight it signs just after midnight included in the Ribbentrop drop molotov pact was a secret protocol by which Poland Romania and the Baltic states would be divided into German and Soviet spheres of influence each power was free to seize its share without receiving repercussions from the other thus ideological enemies became political and military allies Hitler no longer had to fear a prolonged two-front war against both the Red Army and the were mocked the Polish army had no chance Hitler felt confident that the campaign in Poland would be over before the British and French could intervene in the West Stalin could be certain that war in the West was indeed inevitable both dictators had achieved their aims so he could understand what Hitler got from this but what did Stalin get from this pact what Stalin got was by supporting Hitler his driving him into a war with the West he's actually weakening his enemy by going into an alliance with him that is why Stalin made every effort to prolong that war as long as he could so the two forces of socialism and Soviet Bolshevism were now aligned having only just fought against each other de facto aiding opposing sides in the Spanish Civil War as a Russian revolutionary writer and exile Viktor Sergei would assert the midnight of the century had arrived 98 days later Nazi Germany invaded Poland so there are two parts to this pact one was a ten-year non-ag written on aggression treaty and the other one was secret and it was the division of Europe redrawing the map of Europe into two spheres of influence this is an interesting article in the Los Angeles Times this is August 19 of 1989 see until 1989 the Soviet Union was never willing to admit that this parked existed even in the face of overwhelming evidence and one of the reasons they always denied it was to admit that this pact existed were to admit that their claims over Eastern Europe over those Soviet satellite states had their basis in that this in a pact with Hitler and they never wanted to admit to that the Los Angeles Times August 19 of 1989 reversing decades of Kremlin denials a senior politbureau member Friday conceded for the first time that Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union under dictator Joseph Stalin signed a secret pact on the eve of World War two that cleared the way for the Soviet annexation of the Baltic States but Alexander Yakovlev while arguing that the secret protocol to the 1939 non-aggression Accord should be unequivocally condemned denied that it had any legal impact on the Baltic States current status as members of the Soviet Federation although he dismissed the nationalistic claims of the Baltic States Yakovlev nevertheless broke new ground when he conceded to Pravda quote there was without doubt a collusion between the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany I want to note the pact as occurring at midnight so what was the effect of this pact on the world stage I'm going to read a quote from the devil's alliance Hitler's pact with Stalin chapter 2 the week preceding those opening salvos had had an oppressive tenor although the precise details of the pact remained opaque most contemporary commentators agreed that it marked an unprecedented shift it is a stunning blow Romanian dearest me hey Elsa Bastian wrote the whole course of world politics has suddenly changed with that pact moreover there was a grim consensus that the pact was more than just another chapter in Europe's ongoing crisis and most likely heralded war thus the world statesmen urged circumspection American President President Franklin D Roosevelt sent Hitler a personal appeal suggesting alternative methods in solving the crisis French premier premier Edouard Daladier followed suit urging the German dictator to step up from the brink otherwise quote destruction and barbarism will be the real Victor's British Prime Minister Neville Neville Chamberlain meanwhile was dis consulted confiding to the US Ambassador that the futility of it all is the thing that is frightful Britain began preparing for the worst London's museums began evacuating their treasures to the countryside hospitals were cleared of non-essential cases and railway stations installed blue lights to comply with the expected blackout everywhere sandbags were filled and stacked and windows were taped while Chamberlain prepared to move into the central war room nearly completed beneath Whitehall orders were prepared for the evacuation of children from Britain's towns and cities to begin on the morning of September 1 the public mood was dark poor weary world one diarist wrote what a mess we people have made of it this is the world's reaction while the world digested the news of the nazi-soviet pact and considered the prospect of war Ribbentrop had traveled back to germany with his entourage to a rapturous reception from hitler who hailed his returning foreign minister as a second Bismarck there's one other aspect of these pacts that I want to note and it's a much less glamorous one than what we usually mention the packs primary motive was to enable Hitler to invade Poland and instigate war with the West that V him would have been suicide at the very beginning of his campaign and I agree that this was necessary to prevent a two-front war but a less attention-grabbing reason more dull but I would suggest a just as important reason was his economic situation when Hitler came to power the economic ties between the Soviet Union and Germany did weaken initially as Hitler implemented economic policies trying to improve the self-sufficiency of his nation which is necessary in the event of war it became apparent that Germany would not be able to be economically independent so he instigated a trade relationship with the Soviet Union this is this history is best described in the book feeding the German Edel Eagle by Edward Erickson which shows how Hitler had no other option than to rely on Soviet imports to begin his world war effort so four days before this pact is signed that concluded a German Soviet commercial agreement August 19 for well for him to undertake war Hitler could only supply 25 percent of his oil needs leaving Germany 2 million tons short a year during peace 10 million tons a year short to reach planned mobilization totals the problem was similar with all types of metals and metal laws also Hitler needed to use Soviet Russian lions to bring in his chrome molybdenum different metals from Turkey and China this became particularly essential after the Western Front war began and British started blockading German trade routes and many countries began to refuse to interact with Germany in trade without Soviet imports German stocks would have run out in several key products by October of 1941 only three and a half years into Hitler's in sorry three and a half months into Hitler's invasion of the Soviet Union Germany would have already run through their stocks of rubber and grain before the first day of the invasion were it not for Soviet imports in fact in 1941 when Hitler invaded the Soviet Union he's marching over the border of those satellite states at the same time as the Nazi armies crossed into the Soviet Union they are passing trains yet unaware that an invasion is taking place heading back to Germany with all of the oil the the metal ores everything to fund his war so they essentially supplied Hitler with everything he needed to fight them in exchange for all of these it was pretty much German technology the the building plans for the the Bismarck the ship the Bismarck all of these kind of German inventions were to be handed over to the Soviet Union pretty much like infrastructure new new types of aircraft so this pact was designed to enable Hitler to in on the 1st of September 1931 invade Poland and he's taking on a three-fold power at this stage the Allies were France Britain and Poland three allies versus Germany who is backed by Russia and then after that you have this division of territory based in Europe they've redrawn the map of Europe and they divided it into two spheres of influence and then one-by-one began taking down those countries their relationship is strained by that division as some smaller points of what part of what countries what rail roads they're allowed to use it causes a certain amount of tension and also noting that the main reason that Stalin is supporting this war effort to begin with is that he wants to weaken Hitler us so much so that when the West is weakened when Hitler is weakened by war he'll be strong enough to just step in and take all of it so in August of 1940 it began to look like this war was winding down and Stalin gets worried that with Hitler taking France so easily if it was just going to win this war that he's actually strengthened his a minute enemy not weakened him so he starts to back out also Germany has fallen way behind on paying for the supplies that they were buying from the Soviet Union Hitler was stalling on setting sending the building plans for the Bismarck and all those different aspects German infrastructure because he knew that he would eventually end up fighting Stalin and the less he had to pay before that date the happier he was so August of 1940 Stalin suspends all exports to Germany this was economic and trade trade is suspended its suspended for one month before they managed to negotiate their way out of that Stalin sees a few other things that are happening in the West at that time he sees that Hitler is still facing a prolonged war and he's more than happy then to help that continue around this time just tying back to our study of Fatima we understood the 25 years from 1773 to 1798 1773 they stopped our fulfilling their job function what they've been told by Satan to do 1798 they're scattered 1916 they're gathered 25 years after that they begin to fulfill their job function that is 1941 with the invasion of the Soviet Union so keep in your mind that when we discuss is history we're discussing the first attempt on the Soviet Union not just by Hitler but also by the Vatican and around this time when war with the Soviet Union began to look more and more likely what point Pius the 12th did was spread begin an international promotional campaign for Fatima and he spread Eastern Europe with with those papers books and pamphlets written on the experience of the Portuguese children at Fatima advertised as historic fact may count in part for the foreign legions from Spain Portugal France and Belgium which fought side by side with the Nazis when they invaded Russia in 1941 the superstitious Catholic masses rallied in medieval fashion to the anti-communist bada banner that is the article of the Vatican towards communism by Levi Morris Tyrell from the election of Roosevelt in 1936 the Vatican also attempted to establish diplomatic relations with the United States I'd like to suggest what you have here is a Vatican trying to pick a beast the u.s. is looking less and less likely the reason for this Cardinal gaspari arrived in New York to kind of fish out the USS approach and he spent three days with Archbishop Spellman what they were trying to see was if they could open a diplomatic relationship with the United States Hitler had started off good in the 1934 early 1930s 1933 signing this part with the Vatican but coming up to this history the Beast has started bucking it's not a very good beast in fact when around around that history 1939 1938 he in one of his speeches he said that every time the Vatican tried to push itself into the political sphere he was going to push it right back into it's appropriate sphere which was purely Church not state he was refusing to allow of the church to dictate to the state and when he invaded the Soviet Union the the Vatican approached him with a plan by which they were hoping to follow his invasion with a second invasion of priests and lead to a mass Catholic conversion of Eastern Europe Hitler's response was the day that he allowed the Catholic Church to undertake this enterprise in Eastern Europe would be the day that he allowed every single religion to do the exact same thing so that they could quote beat each other to death with their crucifixes so his adage attitude toward the Vatican increasingly over this period as he no longer found a need for them was increasingly hostile so there is kind of this area where they're also fishing out how the United States is looking problem September 3 of 1939 the date that Britain and France a declare war on Germany President Roosevelt wrote to Pope Pius the 12th and he said I believe that the survival of Russia communism is less dangerous to religion to the church as such and to humanity in general than would be the survival of the German form of dictatorship and this is where they split this is where they disagree and the Vatican in the u.s. in this history cannot align because to Roosevelt in the United States it's Hitler that needs taking down whereas for the Catholic Church it is communism and Soviet Russia over this time Hitler starts developing this plan really what he had wanted from the very beginning from when he wrote his biography autobiography mon camp was that he saw that the east as the region where the Germans would find living space and pretty much set up there's some this new society so he had always intended to take down Russia it was just kind of a matter of time and he decides that instead of buying supplies from Russia if he can just defeat the Soviet Union he can just take those supplies for himself and this leads to his invasion of the Soviet Union on the 22nd of June 1941 we're getting a little tired Operation Barbarossa you have the beginning of war in the West and then the beginning of war in the east 1941 to 1945 you can also mark in this period the Holocaust I know that it began previously but with in a truly awful history with now war on two fronts Hitler is no longer interested in just concentration camps and having to staff these places and what he brings in to use in 1941 invented and used was the gas chambers now it's just wholesale master green we're in the east and and you just have the wholesale slaughter of tens of thousands of hundreds millions of people between the Soviet Union and Russia it's not a history that was easy reading so Adolphe Hitler in mind Kampf had spoke of the necessity for living space particularly in Eastern Europe and particularly Russia he envisaged setting Germans there building up this master race while exterminating or deporting most of the existing inhabitants to Siberia and using the remainder of slave labor as early as 1917 he had referred to the Russians as inferior believing that the Bolshevik Revolution had put the Jews in power over the massive Slavs who were in Hitler's opinion incapable of ruling themselves but instead being ruled by Jewish masters the his officers his army officers told their troops to target people who were described as Jewish Bolshevik subhumans the Mongol hordes the Asiatic flood the red beasts what Hitler never did was separate the Jews from communism and this is where also the ideology of the Vatican also aligned with Hitler they were rioting during the the school years of Pope Pius the 12th you had Catholic education and then as he was training for the priesthood around that time papal endorsed Vatican authors were putting out in there in the Vatican newsletters blaming the Jews for the French Revolution so what the Vatican blamed the Jews for was both the French Revolution the revolutions across Europe and the Jewish revolution so for the Vatican and Pope Pius the 12th the Jews were responsible for the deadly wound responsible for 1798 responsible for the Soviet Union and communism they never separated that and that is the same thing that Hitler did I think someone told me recently that um Marx Marx was a Jew and so were the Robespierre I think that was suggested but I'd have to double-check Jewish mother's okay all right so that there is some truth that there was a lot of Jews in the Bolshevik forces but one of the reasons for that is the fact that they'd already been suffering such heavy persecution it's interesting with this invasion the change that went over the Russian attitude change towards religion on August 21 of of 1941 the Moscow radio called upon all god-loving inhabitants of the occupied countries to rise in defense of their religious freedom this is Stalin's communist Russia who's just shut down every form of religion inside the Soviet Union it charged the German regime with menacing the very existence of Christianity and seeking the overthrow of Christ the King to install instead the myth of the 20th century of Alfred Rosenberg this was in response to Hitler's benevolent attitude toward the Russian Orthodox Church so both sides go from being hostile to religion to pretty much using religion along with it for their own causes so over this period if they're going to say that Russia isn't communist because communist is anti religion they were not anti religion on the 22nd of June 1941 all throughout that the Eastern Front of world war two in response to this Stalin returned much of what he'd taken from the Orthodox Church and it stood patriotically behind Stalin in this war Stalin rewarded its loyalty by discontinuing the publication of anti religious journals reducing the heavy taxes on the churches and prohibiting violence against religion German Bishops in 1942 declared a victory over Bolshevism would be equivalent to the triumph of the teaching of Jesus over that of the infidels so very much through that history is still supporting Nazi Germany and in 1945 Russia joined the Allies the Soviet Union joins the Allied forces Germany is defeated and Europe is divided into East and West marking the beginning of a cold war and we'll go into that history tomorrow morning I think I think we're out of time if you were kneel with me pray dear father in heaven thank you Lord for this new day thank you for the Sun as it comes over Lord and breath and life the opportunity to study in freedom thank you for your histories and your word thank you Lord that you are preparing preparing us to to do this work lord I pray that I just place each head bowed in your hands and I pray your grant us wisdom insights Lord into what's coming that we might know not only what is happening now what is happening in the future also understand our past history thank you Lord and I pray this in Jesus name Amen