Pyrrhus

Overview

Video

Details

Publish Date: 9/25/2018
Speaker Name: Tess Lambert
Language: English
Channel Group: ASOTP
YouTube Title: (09-25-18) Morning - Pyrrhus-Iib_6BkBJeM
YouTube ID: Iib_6BkBJeM

References

Downloads

Download Video File
Download Audio File
Download Handout/Notes

Transcription

amen so just to recap on what we did yesterday we finished up looking at Fatima then we left the study of the counterfeit and we moved on to acts 27 we picked up the symbols of midnight cry and Sunday law which had occurred at shipwreck we lined that up with shipwreck and then we saw that in between those luke chooses to tell us about the number of onboard the ship which was 276 we saw that we'd already made application of three of that number as being representative of the priests and that that support our stockist and Luke their companion his companions during that journey as Christ and the Holy Spirit so that left us with 273 Levites a one thing I like about that line is you do have the three groups and we took that 273 the symbol of the Levites and brought that to numbers chapter 3 where you have the calling out of the Levites as they replace the work of the firstborn that's the only time I can locate the number 273 and inspiration is with the calling out of the Levites when there was 273 to few and they had to pay some type of ransom money so we took that 273 of the Levites between midnight cry and Sunday law and we looked at 273 BC and we saw that on that day on that date it was the first diplomatic contact between Egypt and Rome it's the first time that the world really took attention of Rome when Rome enters the world scene the reason that the world stepped up and started paying attention to Rome with the fact that they just fought the pirate war this was three battles against Pyrus of Epirus leading southern rome against northern rome and this was a battle between the king of the north and the King of the South Pyrus against Rome and it's that battle that not only gave Rome control of the entire Peninsula allowing it to branch elsewhere but also made the world Greece Egypt all those countries Macedonia they stepped up and started paying attention to Rome and sending ambassadors going into alliances etc I just want to go back and add a couple of things to two thoughts that we've already covered you always remember things you didn't say I I kind of mentioned off-the-cuff 2004 as being the year that at least the United States and the papacy should have perhaps noticed that Russia was about to be a very big problem I don't like to say things without a little bit of evidence to back that up so 2004 was the bezel and school siege and I'm just going to read to you a couple of quotes from The Washington Post September 14 2004 the the the Beslan siege ended about ten days before this publication they say Moscow September 13 President Vladimir Putin announced plans Monday for a radically radically restructured political system that would bolster his power by ending the popular election of governors and independent lawmakers moves he portrayed as a response to this month's deadly siege ER seizure of a Russian school so what are Putin did was he radically restructured the political system inside Russia under his plan Putin would be the only one to appoint governors and he will create a single chair of command there wouldn't be no more general elections the Russian people would no longer vote for specific candidates they could only vote for political parties in parliamentary elections he he characterized the changes as efforts to enhance national cohesion in the face of a terrorist threat while critics called to them another step towards restoring the tyranny of the state thirteen years after the fall of the Soviet Union this is quoting Putin under current conditions the system of executive power in the country should not just be adapted to operating in crisis situations but should be radically restructured in order to strengthen the unity of the country and prevent further crises those who inspire organize and carry out terrorist attacks seek to bring about a disintegration of the country to break up the state to ruin Russia so sergei Metropia former parliamentary leader from the liberal ya block o party said it's the beginning of a constitutional coup it's a step toward dictatorship so Putin used the basil and school siege as an excuse to radically restructure Russia's political system and this is five years after he becomes president so what I wanted to suggest with that history by the time that Lucia dies sixteen years after the fall of the Berlin Wall they should have known that Russia was well and truly back up on the ascendancy but she never has a new message and what I wanted to suggest was that Satan didn't know either so in that context why why didn't we know why did God hold his hand over that for me it gives I think a little bit of a clearer picture of the great controversy that God doesn't purposefully make information hard to find he doesn't purposefully withhold information from us he wants to be able to tell us but this is a proxy war and you don't send all your plans to the enemy so I'd like to suggest that's why it was also withheld from us Russia would never have been able to come back the one other thing I didn't mention that I would like to I was a number 273 and this is just a curiosity I'm not trying to make any profound application but it's a fascinating number when you come to to mathematics and astronomy it's I I don't understand I love science it's my favorite subject but I don't necessarily have a solid grasp of it but I do have kind of looked into absolute zero and it's that temperature at which all atoms cease to move so this table is held up by moving atoms everything's bouncing against each other that friction causes a solid structure at Absolute Zero those atoms cease to move and it's it's a complicated argument about what happens when atoms cease to move that's what gives everything form they I have read that at least gases would cease to exist which is why they say we can't actually get to absolute zero an absolute zero is minus minus 273 degrees Celsius oh all movement stops at minus 273 degrees Celsius you cannot get a degree colder because you cannot have something more than stop once it stopped that's it so this is a point of all stopping what what Kelvin did was he saw that minus 273 degrees Celsius equals zero and he thought it was a little silly to not just call it zero so for the Kelvin scale of temperature what he did was he just made minus 273 zero degrees and then minus 272 one degrees so there's always a difference between of 273 between the Celsius and the Kelvin scale it's also estimated to some studies suggest that it is the period of human gestation 273 days long and then when you get into the moon cycles 27.3 days around the earth and that's where kind of a lot of spiritualism begins to come into this number but I do think it has some interesting qualities and that's kind of all I wanted to say about that so yesterday we looked at 273 BC and it really gave us the story of Pyrus and the pirate war what I suggested is that Pyrus represents the King of the South who leads the south against Rome in the north and that we could be benefited by looking at his whole life initially when I I did this study it took me to 273 BC and then it seemed natural to work backwards 272 271 but you can't teach backwards so what I want to do to this morning and tomorrow morning or probably tomorrow morning as well is just cover history just so we can know what's going on in the world during the life of Pyrus and the role he plays in in world affairs I don't want to make any application till we've laid out the history and then we'll go back and make up location of those events I have given you a printout of some it's four pages long of some of the quotes that we have read and we'll read we're not going to really work through it and I won't read all of this I would prefer to pick up highlights but I wanted you to be able to see some sources and also go back in your in your own time and have a look if you so choose 80 Jones has been invaluable but there are periods of history that he skips or gives little detail so there have been some other books I've used some of the ancient historians with a great degree of caution such as Plutarch etc I found them to be heavily biased towards Rome and some things I suggested particularly when they waxed poetical in the style that they did back then I found it to to not be very um not be very accurate but I do find when they're discussing battles and historical events that it did tend to agree with 80 joins so so I have included some of them so we looked at the history that that was occurring around the birth of Pyrus four years before he was born Alexander the Great died in 323 BC and Daniel 8 jumps from 323 to 301 BC Skip's 22 years of history to give us these four generals also known as the die dokie or the successes and it was by these four diadochi wars though he ended up with these four successors of Alexander I said yesterday that they had control of that that there was fought for a period of three years that was inaccurate they they had control of Alexander the Great's Kingdom for four years it was four years between the battle of ipsus and the death of Cassander so through this history what I particularly like is you just have the number for four years after the death of Alexander Pyrus is born for die dokie Wars giving you four generals for four years just a little bit of a background story the third die dokie war ended with a pace trading in 311 this pace trader was between Antigonus and domain Tracy's son and their opponents Cassander lysimachus and Ptolemy Antigonus never signed the peace treaty with Seleucus because his purpose was after that peace treaty to undertake the Babylonian war where Antigonus and Seleucus fought it out for control of Babylon it's when Seleucus defeated Antigonus that they mark the beginning of the solution Empire and that occurred in 309 ending the Babylonian war and Seleucus that undertakes his campaign east where he heads all the way to India brings back his elephants etc the 4th died okey war we marked over here also is 307 10 years before in 317 Cassander had placed a dictator in Athens in 307 the pace trade is broken when Demetrius phrase Athens from that dictator and in 303 BC Demetrius and Pyrus go into an alliance in this fourth diadochi war ends at the battle of ipsus in 301 where you had Cassander lysimachus and Seleucus vs Antigonus demetrius who is backed in this battle by young pirates Pyrrha suddenly in his late teens is undefeated in this battle Demetrius while while the battle is lost and his father dies this essentially also makes him King because his father who was really called the shots himself didn't allow his son a whole lot of say when he dies Demetrius still has his own territory and he's only Navy so he has all of that to fall back on and he remains a king these these three Cassander Lysimachus and Seleucus are known as the the allies so on your page the first half of these quotes deal with 273 BC I just wanted to include them in there I'll so that you can read that history about halfway down he presented Demetrius to the army and declared him his successor that's back in this history in to a 301 BC the day before the battle of ipsus it says briefly before battle was joined unexpectedly Seleucus appeared on the scene and joined lysimachus and Cassander this changed the entire situation Plutarch offers some numbers but they appear to be inflated still it seems reasonably certain that after Seleucus arrival the armies were near equal in size that is the extent of Antigonus power at this stage his army and his empire was equal to the other other three at this stage combined told me didn't show up to this battle what happens in this battle is to meet Demetrius is cut off from his father Antigonus fights to the death of expecting any moment to be saved by the arrival of his son but elephants Seleucus drives his elephants between the two in in that battle and Demetrius is not able to get to his father in time and Antigonus is killed is that history clear there's no questions okay so after this battle we have four years before Cassander dies and that occurs in 297 BC and this is 80 Jones page two at the top of your sheet Cassander died in 290 oh this includes 298 sorry Cassandra died in 298 BC and was succeeded by his son Philip who himself soon died leaving two brothers Antipater and Alexander to contend for the Kingdom so Cassandra dies he leaves his eldest son in charge that eldest son soon after just dies and there's two younger brothers now fighting it out and he Pater the older murdered his mother because she favored his brother for the crown Alexander called to his aid Pyrus king of a Pyrus and Demetrius so this was really his fundamental mistake and he paid a killing his mother taking control of the kingdom the younger brother fleeing and he calls 2 Kings to come to his aid offering a reward if they will defeat his brother and give him the throne of Macedonia this is a fight over Macedonia this territory here which was the area that Cassander had Pyrus gets there first he defeats the older brother Antipater and places Alexander on the throne into the next paragraph and this is a separate source it describes what pyres got for that as a reward for your services a list of territory around a pirate so he'll given some territory in here Demetrios though saw an opportunity and he didn't want to lose lose the opportunity of intervening in the phase of Macedonia so even though Alexander has been placed on the throne Demetrius comes up anyway even though all this work has done Pyrus has placed him on the throne headed back to EPP iris and now Demetrius comes up visits with Alexander promptly kills him and takes the throne for himself demetrius gets a pretty rough account in history as a as an awful character and some of it I find an exaggeration some of it I find pretty plausible and this is one of the places where I find it plausible he just killed Alexander who was supposed to be kind of an ally and took the throne of Macedonia so what occurred here really was a division of territory due to these affairs Pyrus gained some of Macedonia and Demetrius gained the kingship what we're really focusing on in this history is the relationship between Pyrus and demetrius so i'm not going to go into detail about what is happening with these other generals so we've seen this history of dividing up of territory although both Kings desire the whole and this affair over Macedonia really strained the alliance between Pyrus and Demetrius by this stage Paris's sister who married Demetrius in 303 has died so this alliance is under heavy strain so I've included a um extremely rough map of Italy and Greece here Greece being this area down the bottom please don't judge me too harshly I cannot draw so we have Italy over here this is the location of the Pyrus kind of just below the heel of Italy up above a Paris and to the the east is Macedonia and down south you have greased with Thebes Athens Sparta these kind of Greek nation-states so what is happening in this history really is that as that Demetrius has pretty much conquered much of the territory down here while also being king of Macedonia so demetria's empire really clings around a Pyrus against reigning their relationship so in 291 they say this strain breaks out into the open for the first time and this is really Paris's instigation Demetrius is down here besieging theme Thebes he's known as the procedure of cities it was kind of his title Demetrius the besieged and he built huge siege weapons battering ram that required 400 men to haul against the walls huge structures that he would build and bring against cities and it was primarily the way he liked to fight was besieging cities he's down here besieging thieves and Pyrus for reasons we don't really know decides to create a diversionary campaign and what he does is he invades this area here comes out of the Pyrus with his army and invades and what he's doing by doing this is his cutting off Demetrius who is down kind of stuck by Thebes from his kingdom of Macedonia so he's actually cutting through demetria's empire and diverting him from thebes it doesn't appear that he actually ever wanted a battle because when demetrius abandons the the-- the siege temporarily and marches up to face him he pretty much just turns tail and runs and he runs back to a Pyrus so it really didn't um do Pyrus much good this area he invaded is known as Thessaly so this as you can understand do not go over well with Demetrius it was pretty furious at Pyrus his former Ally for making trouble for him in this way he goes back down finishes the siege of Thebes his victorious as he usually was and then when that siege is over he's up for a fight and what he does is he marches his army up from Thebes all the way up through a Pyrus and pretty much just ravages of pires and this is in - 89 to 88 when he's finished with the siege Pyrus tries to come against him and he marches down through his country to face him I don't know how this happened but what happened was they the armies missed each other one took one road one went down another Road and Pyrus just found himself down in the middle of nowhere not even in this country as Demetrius is ravaging it so Pyrus is down here outside of his country with all of his army while Demetrius is up here ravaging a Pyrus Pyrus does encounter a separate army a general and a general and his army that was fighting for Demetrius so there is an army that Demetrius had left here with one of his generals and parce does fight him and Pyrus takes him on one on one combat they say don't let our armies fight why don't you and I fight which was something pirates like to do he's an incredible warrior so the two of them went at it Pyrus nearly killed him and the general was dragged away before pirates could finish the job so he does have a small victory here but it doesn't save his country so after this invasion Pyrus also been attempts to come across here and fight Demetrius Demetrius was sick with some type of illness it wasn't it was life-threatening but it didn't last year recovered fully but while he was sick Pyrus tried to continue this and take him out over back in Macedonia but he has just driven back so very sick Demetrius drags himself from his bed and again chases Pyrus back to their Pyrus and they go into a they make peace they make it go into a peace treaty and this lasts only till 287 it's a very short peace treaty what Demetrius is doing during this time is creating an immense army a huge military buildup by this stage is created an empire that it's as virtually as powerful as his father's ever was and that's described in a couple of these quotes page a2 and it's the the paragraph down the bottom or with all the underlining it says Demetrius characteristically already had his eyes elsewhere and was busy building up a large army and navy for a campaign in Asia Minor evidently in the hope of restoring the anti cornered Empire in the East his father's Empire with this in mind he had already assembled ninety eight thousand infantry twelve thousand cavalry and laid down the keels for five hundred ships in Piraeus Corinth Chalcis and Pella this vast military and naval program is reflected in the increasingly large issues of coinage by various Macedonian and Greek mints under Demetrius as control throughout these years these various coinages reveal very clearly the size of the military and naval effort demetrius was making at this time the threat which it must have presented to his enemies and the burden of Taxation which you will have laid on the inhabitants of his empires news of what was afoot soon reach to the other kings and spread general alarm recalling his father's ambitions they were apprehensive at the Menace which Demetrius in him is turned represented now that he controlled Macedonia and at least part of Greece sometime sometime into 88 therefore Seleucus Ptolemy and Lysimachus made an alliance against him and sent a joint embassy to Pyrus urging him to ignore his agreement with Demetrius and to attack Macedonia so this military buildup is seen as a massive threat by again L three surviving generals lysimachus Seleucus and ptolemy they send embassadors to Pyrus asking him to join them in this alliance against demetrius so this alliance is organized in this history of 288 and in 287 they come against demetrius virus joins the allies and Demetrius is defeated what happens is Lysimachus whose kingdom he's over here this is why we say that Lysimachus took over the kingdom of Cassander he never defeated Cassander or any of Cassandras children who he defeated to take over that area of Cassander was to defeat Demetrius so this is where Demetrius was stationed in Macedonia and Pyrus came from the West Lysimachus from the east and they they are coming from both sides they cornered Demetrius Demetrius is defeated even though this alliance was also also included Seleucus and Ptolemy neither of them showed up they gave their support but it was Lysimachus and Pyrus who came against Demetrius who fought but they never actually fought and that's what I find kind of interesting about this account Demetrius appears to be someone who was generally hated even by his own people he was homosexual he there was quiet stories of abuse and I think he tried to attack one young man who promptly killed himself to save himself from Demetrius and that young man then became a I can't remember which one of these Greek cities but they deified him that young men who fled Demetrius he was just generally hated and what happens happened when Pyrus particularly marched against Demetrius from the West Lysimachus from the east Demetrius his army was so disillusioned with this King they didn't really want that they just joined Pyrus and Lysimachus his entire army deserted him they never had to fight and Demetrius had to flee so much of demetria's territory landed without any battle into the hands of piracy early by the fact that it was mostly pious that his army and all these cities decided to join so they just gave themselves to Pyrus and what you had essentially the end of Demetrius he fled and soon after he was taken by Seleucus he lived to the rest of his life out under house arrest by Salukis and this east and this some area of macedonia was divided into East and West between lysimachus and Pyrus so you have an East and West division and that was in 287 80 Jones great empires of Bible prophecy the second last paragraph on your page says in those seven years Demetrius built up an army of 100,000 men and a fleet of five 500 galleys at this Ptolemy Lysimachus and Seleucus became alarmed and said about to check his further progress they secured the alliance of pirates whose dominions bordered Macedonia on the west and who of course could not consider himself safe in the presence of Demetrius in possession of such an army as that Lysimachus invaded macedonia from the east and paris from the west the troops of demetrius all deserted him and joined paris demetrius made his escape in disguise and Lysimachus and Pyrus divided between them the Dominion of Macedonia 287 BC the next court is by the legacy of Alexander a B Bosworth I won't read it for time but it gives just more dismal description about this more of a description about this battle or lack of a battle what happened then is instead of tension between Pires and demetrius now there is this tension between Pyrus and lysimachus because particularly lysimachus is not contempt with just the east he's jealous of Paris and how much Paris has gained through taking the the western half of Macedonia and Lysimachus desires all of it so what you have beginning in 287 BC is this struggle between Paris and lysimachus for total control of Macedonia and this is essentially a cold war the following quote on your last page says Lysimachus soon succeeded in sewing such distrust among the soldiers who had lately gone over from demetrius to paris that they now went over from pirates to lysimachus this so weakened paris that rather than to contend against the power of lysimachus he with his own efforts and original allies returned to his own country of a Pyrus sorry Forrest this left the whole of Macedonia to Lysimachus who formerly took possession of it and added it to his dominions this is the process by which Lysimachus gains the territory originally ruled by Cassander what Lysimachus did to defeat Pyrus in the West was he sent he sent covert spies into the cities and they pretty much just fermented unrest asking these Macedonians as I said yesterday a Pyrus was kind of seen as that kind of relative that they didn't really want that they were embarrassed by because Greece had always ruled the Pyrus the Pirates had always kind of come under their authority and now you have a king of a Paris ruling over Macedonia in this territory and these people these spies he would send in would ridicule the people what are you doing letting a king of a pirates rule over you ant you a little humiliated so even though as general and leader Paris has always been loved by his subjects they rose up against him another thing that he allegedly did was cut off Parsons supply lines so as Paris would send supplies into this - to support his own army in this area Lysimachus made that very difficult for him I would describe that as sanctions and subterfuge pretty much the two elements that you find in a cold war and that occurs that process ends in 285 Pyrus has lost everything all of his territory that he'd gained over this whole history except a Pyrus itself and he who was stationed in the West he goes back home Lysimachus keeps all of it see if there's something I've missed do we have any questions about this history so Lysimachus tactics to gain the kingdom include covert operations he undermined Pyrus and essentially economic sanctions sanctions and cutting off his supply lines these attempts are successful and Pyrus is forced to surrender and returned to his own Kingdom losing all that he had gained to the hand of lysimachus we can see that in 285 BC Pyrus has lost all but his original nation state of app iris and at that same time to mitrice's downfall is complete this marks the end of Paris's time in Macedonia so up till here this is pyres in Macedonia which was essentially a failure now I want to move on to Pyrus his time in Italy it's in 285 BC the same year that the the the war in Italy essentially begins or the beginning stages of that war so if it's okay I'm going to need this half of the board so I will rub this map out if you can try and keep this in your mind because we're about to go into the history of actually I will just describe it quickly into the history of Italy so back to the front page will read these quotes again on your front page those first first three first four quotes in 273 bc ptolemy ii of egypt established stipler matic relations and friendship with rome the reputation of the romans beginning now to spread through foreign nations by the war they had maintained for six years against Pyrus whom at length they compelled to retire from italy and returned ignominy slee to a paris Ptolemy Philadelphus sent embassadors to desire their friendship and the Romans were charmed to find it solicited by so greater King the following year the Romans sent to Egypt for ambassadors in return for this courtesy from philadelphus Rome's defeat of Paris was a clear declaration to the rest of the ancient Mediterranean world that the Romans had arrived on the world scene of warfare and power politics and recognition of this fact was no long time in coming I'll leave those quotes there what I want to look at now is how this war began how did pyres become involved in the affairs of Italy we briefly touched on it yesterday so we'll we'll review we understand that by 285 BC even into these years prior Rome has essentially gained control of all of the northern half of Italy pretty much down to the ankle of the boot but scattered around this southern portion our Greek city-states and these are all all Greek and there's quite a lot of them and Greece has kind of always been seen to have authority over this region the chief or who can set it considered themselves the chief city state is Tarentum who kind of had a sphere of influence you could say over all the other city-states there's also these other one on the other side of the Gulf of Taranto called theory and it's three that allied allied themselves with room so going into a history prior much higher much prior around 334 BC the Romans have gone into a treaty with tarentum this treaty indicated that they wouldn't interfere with the politics of this region and also very specifically they were never sail ships into the Gulf of Taranto so they would never sell their Navy down into this kind of sensitive region in the Gulf and they would also not interfere with the affairs of southern Italy this being an old treaty and also made with a king who was long since dead a Rome didn't see it as legally binding but Tarentum sure did for the for the tarentines there was good reason to fear the growing power of Rome and to claim that a treaty limiting Rome's Authority was still valid in that region in 285 BC this same date where Pyrus is driven back to Epirus 3 which is the southwestern corner of the Gulf of Tarentum was under attack by the Lucania tribes 3 appealed to Rome for help rather than to fight rather than to its strong but rival neighbor teruntum and this was the aristocratic leaders as I said there were these two divisions and it was the aristocrats who preferred to go into alliance with Rome as they saw that would have more financial benefit than being generally the wealthy so three to protect them from the these invading Lacanian x' send embassadors up to rome and ask for some type of alliance of protection and rome loved to work that way they agreed and in we don't have much knowledge of the history at this point in time but we know three asked for it in 285 and in 283 a rome descended on thoroughiy station to garrison and drove off the lucania pnes there was also a political reason for this theory also i was not happy with the balance of power in the region tarentum was seen as kind of a rival in a way they didn't like the authority Tarentum would try and hold over these other city-states so what they're hoping to change was the balance of power as well so there was also politics against theory and tarentum y theory would choose to a lot ally themselves with rome the two rival factions I mentioned aristocrats and the Democrats the Democrats wishing to stay aligned with Toronto and Greece the aristocrats to align with Rome and those two factions existed in many of the city-states so the aristocratic faction took power in theory and in 285 appealed to Rome for protection the history is scarce but in 282 bc theory makes another appeal to rome for protection and rome responds theories appeal to the barbarian city on the Tiber to Rome is a clear indication that Rome had now emerged as acknowledged hegemonic power of the entire Peninsula and that Roman fides could be counted on to provide security against external attacks Rome accepted thiry's play for assistance and the cultural consul cifra breeches led an army against the Lacanian zandrew Tian's defeated them in battle and left a garrison in theory their breeches military operations on land were apparently backed up by a small fleet of Roman warships and these vessels sailed into the Gulf of Taranto so what Rome has done is they've broken their ancient treaty with Trenton and this was kind of a strategic move this is where I start to doubt those ancient historians who paint Rome really as the good guy just trying to keep the region in peace help out a friend not really looking for war that's how a lot of the historians describe Rome and I really don't buy it this was strategic by having theory under their control they could first of all they're right in the center of the south and they also have a certain amount this being on station this city stationed on the Gulf it also gives them power within the gulf of Toronto where they had a treaty with tarentum that they would never enter so Tarentum as you can imagine is not pleased just extend our line so in 282 Tarentum responds so what I want to mark here is a change we're changing from the history of Macedonia to the history of Italy so I'll just mark it by another color 285 three appeals to Rome changes there are lights and the balance of power in Italy and in 282 I'm going to have to keep this really tight if you don't mind hopefully it's still clear 282 Tarentum responds so to summarize there's two spheres of influence in Italy thirichu zé's rome / Tarentum it's really a case of pick your dictator and some of these other city-states are also increasingly looking to rome for protection overlooking tarentum the very southern and strategically placed three does this in 285 which provokes Tarentum in 282 Tarentum attacks the fleet of ships stationed in that gulf the fleet of ten ships they sing for capture one and the other five ships earthly they then invade three expel the garrison and sack the city so you have Tarentum come against theory and expel that garrison it pretty much forces three back under its own sphere of influence theory significantly weakened pretty much sunk into the condition of a dependent ally of Rome and was after this day protected by Roman garrison no record of it is found in future battles 282 2 wrentham attacks 3 what happened after this you could go into detail about the back and forth ambassadors were sent from Rome to tarentum to say why did you do this the historians who I don't put a lot of faith in said Tarentum insulted them and instigated this war but really the net result is that Rome declared war on to rent him so in 281 BC and this is 80 Joan's great empires of Bible prophecy to 18.1 talking of Pyrus shortly after he had returned thus to his own country in 281 BC they came to him ambassadors from Tarentum and from all the Greeks in Italy baring to him the invitation to become their general and lead them in war against the Romans they promised that the tarentines the Luke aliens the some nights and the masais pians would bring into the field three hundred and seventy thousand troops so Tarentum isn't strong enough to take Rome on directly they sales and ambassadors over to a pires and this was something that those city-states had done before what they tended to do was to look to their more powerful Greek neighbors for assistance in fighting their battles and they asked pirates to take on this war on their behalf so they also promised him that these other city-states and tribes would join him in fighting Rome and in 280 BC Pyrus arrives in tarentum and he sets about immediately preparing the city for war so he begins his military preparation he was hoping to have time to gather all those tribes that had promised assistance to fortify the city to train the men of the city to fight with his army but all of that is cut short Rome has is already marching on Tarentum and there is no time for preparation he sends out he sends out ambassadors sends them up to the Roman army tries to act as a mediator say why do we need to fight maybe I can mediate Tarentum and you can sort this out without fighting and Rome rejects all efforts they they just want to fight this war really what Rome has to gain from fighting this war is all of Italy so and that's one of the reasons I believe they were never trying to avoid it in the first place what follows is three battles this first battle is fought by very unprepared Pyrus soon after he arrived on the shores and it's known as the battle of heraclea due to its location according to 80 Jones before the promised troops of pirates as allies had come to him he learned that a powerful army of the Romans was marching against him pyres sent a herald to ask the Romans whether they would accept him as arbiter between them and the Greeks in Italy they replied the Romans neither take Pyrus as an arbiter nor fear him as an enemy a battle was 14 to 80 BC near Heraclea in Italy in which the Romans were defeated with the loss of 15,000 men Pyrus himself losing 13,000 so this first battle of heraclea is won by Pyrus you might have heard the phrase a pirate war or a pirate battle it's become it's become one of those phrases that you that you use in different situations to describe a battle or a war where the party that wins wins at such great a loss that it's a greater loss to themselves that it's not really a victory so you could say that um let's say you won a court case but really you had to pay a lot of money it didn't give you much benefit you could say it was a pirate victory you might have won something but at such a great loss to yourself that it was virtually not worth fighting in the first place and that's where this phrase comes from from the pirate war where Pyrus wins these battles but at such great a loss to himself that as he says after the second battle if I have one more victory like this I'm ruined actually paraphrasing so first battle of heraclea in 280 BC and this is in the autumn Pyrus tries to after this battle to march on Rome thinking that after such a victory it might be a good opportunity he comes into a distance of 300 furlongs of the city of Rome but due to the time of year coming into winter he retires his troops and they wait out the winter without another battle that's the battle of heraclea what won this battle for Pyrus was that in a previous war he'd been able to barter for some elephants and he sailed to to rent him with 20 elephants Rome had never seen elephants before for them this was a completely new mode of warfare and when pirates turned up at the field of battle with 20 war elephants the Roman soldiers for all their training were terrified and that is what one Pyrus the Battle of heraclea elephants for Rome a completely new mode of warfare after this battle all have all of those allies meant to be allies of those Greek city-states they'll kind of holding off a little just to see what would happen not wanting to get involved in a war that might lose to Rome after Pius wins this first battle they all join him all those neutral parties it's interesting this battle while we talk about Panem this battle is fought between her Eclair and Pandora I just find that interesting so you could also call it the Battle of Pandora the next battle is the battle of vascular in 279 BC and for this battle Pyrus is prepared both armies are now fully ready eighty Jones says in 279 a second battle was fought near askew l'm in which Pyrus was again victorious but with such great loss that when one of his officers congratulated him on the victory Pyrus with grim humor replied if we gain such another we are inevitably ruined in 279 BC pyres fought the second major battle at the war of ask ulam this was this was one of a much greater scale than that of heraclea and it was fought for two days in the hills of Apulia the Roman general published news managed to use the terrain to reduce the effectiveness of the Greek cavalry and elephants thus the first day ended with a stalemate the second day Pyrus made another attack with war elephants supported by infantry which finally overwhelmed muses position the Romans lost about 6000 men while pirates his army suffered three and a half thousand casualties I want to note that this battle is on a much larger scale and it's over two days what happened over this winter period is that Rome afraid of these elephants trying to counteract them they they build these these carts that they called strangely enough anti elephant carts and they built 300 300 anti elephant carts and they're essentially just cots on wheels with spikes flame throwers anything that they thought could either kill or or make an elephant afraid and these cots file they just broken up and again it's the elephants for win the battle of sqm this is this account is a Pyrus by Jacob Abbott he said the Romans stood most in awe of the elephants and they resorted to some peculiar and extraordinary means of resisting them they prepared a great number of chariots each of which was armed with a long pointed spear projecting forward in such a manner that when the chariots should be driven on towards the elephants these Spears or beaks should pierce the bodies of the LF of the beasts and destroy them the chariots too were filled with men who were all provided with firebrands which they were to stroll at the elephants and frighten them as they came on these chariots were all carefully posted in front of that part of Pyro's army where the elephants were stationed and the charioteers were strictly ordered not to move until they should see the elephants advancing so this battle of vascular means much more they're much more prepared for than the battle of heraclea both parties but again they fail what happens after the Battle of asked ulam is a very very tentative armistice between Pyrus and Rome one of the reasons Paris wanted this armistice is Rome is just rebuilding their armed army so quickly with so many people to call on whereas Pyrus far from his country of Empires he can't rebuild and recover so quickly and he knows that he's been wakened even in his own victories so he goes into this armistice with Rome the other reason being is that just below that toe of Italy you have the the island of Sicily and in 279 at this point in time Sicily which is beneath that toe Sicily which is down here they are pretty much ruled by the Carthaginians so Carthage has taken over this area of Sicily and the Carthaginians are acting as tyrants so what the people of Sicily do is they send ambassadors up to Epirus and they say come and fight for us and clear our island of Carthage men with Tydings sorry Paris was determined on carrying into effect his design of a descent upon the coast of Africa what Paris wanted really to rebuild the the Empire of Alexander the Great the vision that he could see was that in taking Sicily defeating Carthage he then has a perfect strategic location to build a strong Navy once he has a strong Navy in Sicily he can go down in defeat Carthage once he has Carthage he can rebuild come up underneath Greece and take Greece once he has Greece it can go over take Macedonia once he has all of that area he can just come back in defeat Rome so he's got big plans it's not just taking Sicily it's a strategic plan by which it's going to come full circle and he wants everything that was very much his nature so he goes into this tentative armistice with Rome to free him up to sail down to Sicily and what he does in Sicily really is undoing is that he shows himself as a tyrant Sicily were expecting this is King to come and free them from Carthage but they get something much worse than Carthage and Pyrus shows a bit more of his not the good side of his nature down in Sicily in trying to build this Navy and this huge army he pretty much turns himself into a dictator I'll read some of this description from the Roman antiquities by Dionysus and he says pirates down here he took away the estates of many of the powerful people distributing them to his own friends and allies yes he assigned the chief magistrates in the cities to be his own shield bearers and captains he pretty much disregarded all local laws and customs he was settling lawsuits and controversies and all kinds of civil matters pretty much took over control of the entire island and this is what not what they had asked for he began taxing them to build this Navy that he would need to take on Carthage perceiving that many people were becoming hostile to his presence in Sicily he introduced Garrison's into the cities taking as an excuse the war threatening from the Carthaginians he arrested the most prominent men in the city and put them to death alleging plots and treasonable acts what he did in this history and what he considered to be his undoing for the rest of his life in that running short of funds he he took the sacred treasures of Persephone what he did is he went into a pagan temple and desecrated it so in his time period he shows himself as a dictator and he desecrated a temple this temple was supposed to hold vast amounts of wealth and fighting him finding himself lacking funds to build this Navy for this enterprise and he pretty much just went in and took everything from the temple he set it on ships and attempted to sail it back to tarentum the the Roman antiquities continues to state that the ships upon putting out from the harbor in Sicily found a land breeze and made progress but an adverse winds sprang up and holding through the entire night sank some of them drove others into the Sicilian Strait and in the case of those in which the offerings and the gold yielded by the offerings was being transported drove them ashore on the beaches of lo Cree the men on board the ships were submerged and perished in the backwash of the waves and the sacred monies when the ships broke up were cast ashore on the sand banks nearest to lo Cree the king terror-stricken restored all the ornaments and treasures to the goddess hoping thereby to appease her wroth you find this story in quite a few different accounts with certain different details they don't necessarily agree but they agree on the core subject that he desecrated a temple that he tried to send that to Tarentum that those ships were wrecked and that Pyrus for the rest of his life believed that by Angra angering this goddess was the reason for all of his future ruin so I'm going to read the period of this history by 80 joints it's pretty much back to him entering Sicily Pyrus accepted the offer of the Sicilians and at once embarked his army and sails to Sicily these Sicilians delivered to him the promised cities as soon as he landed and he soon so gained the hearts of the people and made himself so powerful that the Carthaginians asked for peace upon the condition that they might be allowed to retain in city only the one city of Lille bayum Paris felt himself so secure that he not only refused to grant his request for peace but even proposed to make an expedition against Carthage he had a sufficient fleet to do this but not enough sailors to secure the necessary sailors he levied a draught of men on all the cities of Sicily and punished the cities that would not furnish their quota this caused great dissatisfaction to the people of Sicily and as Pyrus post pushed his exactions he finally drove the Sicilians into a league with the Carthaginians and the mummer times against him so what the Sicilians do is they decide that Carthage was a better master than Paris and they go back to Carthage and say will you come back and drive off Pires just at this juncture at the tarentines and the Samnite sent word to paris that they were shut up in their cities and were surely lost unless he came to the rescue he started immediately so what is happening is Rome has broken this armistice and they're marching on tarentum they have come also against the tarentines and the Samnites who send word of this to Paris so he heads back to Italy to again confront Rome and the third battle is fought in 275 BC this is the Battle of Benevento the third and final battle also in this time period Rome was going into an alliance with Carthage against Paris as well so the Battle of benevento was fourteen to seventy-five BC coming to Tarentum bringing twenty thousand foot and three thousand horse he took on the best troops of the tarentines and led them against the Romans he found a lot less support for himself in southern Italy at this time many of those city-states resenting him leaving and sailing to Sicily in the first place so not as many allies were willing to come to his aid at this third battle than they had been for the second particularly he's significantly weakened by the abandonment of many of his former allies what happens you find a couple of different accounts of this battle what we do know is Paris is defeated by room how is he defeated what happens in this battle is I'll give you one account and that is that there was a young elephant among Paris's elephants and that young younger elephant was badly injured its cries reached the ease of its mother and its mother in her desperation turned around from heading into the Roman army and led all the elephants back in a charge over Paris himself so Paris is this is what they do agree on Paris was defeated by his own elephants so again elephants decide this battle even though Paris is defeated the other accounts of this battle just to say that the elephant's turned and charged Pyrus how that happened is I don't find other accounts of that particularly store particular story of why they did that but they do agree that the elephant's turned Pyrus flees back to Tarentum gets in a ship and sails back to air Pyrus he's given up that war so 275 BC that battle of Benevento is what launches Rome onto the world stage this defeat of Paris Paris is very well known general across Egypt he actually was raised partly in the court of Ptolemy he married Ptolemies stepdaughter it closely allied closely known among those generals and they knew him to be a fantastic general so the way that Rome fought this war really gained the attention of the rest of the world Macedonia Greece of all of our generals so in 275 BC the Parekh war ends when Pires flees benevento plays tarentum i just want to note some interesting character characteristics over the name benevento me it was originally and over the period where this battle was fought in 275 it was not known as benevento rome later changed the name of the city to bandit benevento from malov Anton in 275 it was known as mallow Venton mallow Vento means bad event or bad omen and then after winning a couple of battles at mallow vensim rome finding the name superstitious being superstitious they changed it to been event him which means good event it sits at a fork of the Appian Way where two rivers the sabato and the calor come together and Benevento is known as the city of witches or the italian salem it's to consider the place where witches from all over the world would gather to celebrate their Sabbath under a centuries-old walnut tree and it began long before the emperor Domitian established a temple of isis here isis the god that controlled serpents this combined with tree worship brought by the Lombards merged itself into a cult that worshipped the serpent in the tree also combining the worship of the goat God all the witches of the world were said to gather at Benevento to worship this tree serpent in a gathering that they would refer to as the trojan a word believed to have derived as a plural form of crescendo meaning the 300 so it's pretty much the Italian Salem and the witches would gather there in the trajectory hundred and they would chant the call carrot onion unguent carry me to the walnut tree of Benevento above the water and above the wind and above all other bad weather it is said that among their rites the witches had the custom to meet in the nights between Saturday and Sunday around a big walnut tree to give birth to their demoniac Sabbath benevento featured many of the famous witch trials of the Dark Ages and when that persecution ceased some of Europe's most famous witches pretty much descended a choice to live in Benevento they were known as locally and Benevento they were known as the genera possibly possibly from Dayanara a priestess of Diana so that's the context of the city of Benevento what I find particularly is that meeting they would take place on a Saturday night to welcome in their fall Sabbath the reason I particularly find that interesting is if we're going to make this as we said before to 75 to 73 to 72 Benevento lines up with Panem and we already know that the studies that have been done on Patti um in the word pan so 273 Egypt sends embassadors to Rome which is pretty much the quotes you find on the front of that page 272 BC running out of room but in 272 BC Rome sends embassadors to eat back to Egypt and that was headed as we said by Fabia's Maximus meaning maximum judges meaning flood maximum flood Paris well defeated in 275 BC 2 wrentham held out held out against Rome all the way until to 72 in 272 BC 2 wrentham surrenders to rome so even though rome has control over the whole of Italy the city of Tarentum itself was still under siege from 275 to 272 so 2 wrentham falls into 72 the other thing that happens in 272 is Pyrus who has fled back to her Pyrus he's engaging in a different war back down there in Greece and in 272 he is killed Pyrus was fighting am fighting a battle in the streets of argos he had been fighting one of those he'd been fighting I believe it was Sparta and in that battle his firstborn son had died parce was not didn't handle that so well so when he rushes into battle the next time he's not thinking clearly he doesn't make very good decisions and he finds himself fighting against Argos and really what was meant to be an invasion of the city he ends up inside the city walls fighting straight to straight hands to hand combat and what happens is in fighting a soldier the account goes that it was a tight Street battle with a Spartan soldier and this soldiers mother was watching the battle from a window and she throws a tile down connects with Pyrus knock stuns him knocks him off his horse and the Spartan soldier cuts off his head so I find that account interesting the way he is defeated by a woman essentially but piracy is killed in 272 Rome sends embassadors to Egypt and Tarentum Falls the other thing I want to note is Pyrus is 46 years old and that's in the streets of Argos the name Argos means glistening bright or what it's described as the reason they named it what is the visual impression given by the our Golic plane the planes of Argos is where they grew all of their wheat and they say that it was named Argos meaning white because of them visual impression given by the are Golic plane during harvest time so you can also connect Argos to harvest time and they say the history of Rome by Theodor Mommsen for the first time Italy was now united into one state under the sovereignty of the Roman community so this really we've begun the life of Pyrus or his interaction in world affairs with this fourth day Doki war this alliance with Demetrius which he really exhibits at the battle of ipsus fighting alongside Demetrius against the Allied forces we see the division of Macedonia after this battle between Demetrius and Pyrus then we say first of all a strain on their relationship in 291 which descends really into war into 89 to 88 when Demetrius comes against a Paris you see a peace treaty and then as Demetrius conducts his huge military buildup Paris joins the Allies from Bahia he'd originally begun by fighting with lysimachus comes from the east pars from comes from the West and Demetrius has defeated his territory Empire is divided into East and West this begins a cold war which lasts from 287 to 285 Lysimachus defeats pyres in this cold war with sanctions and subterfuge at the same time in 284 285 sorry we also with we begin to change seemed from the history of Macedonia to the history of Italy 285 three appeals to Rome it changes the balance of power in those southern states 282 Rome responds and they attack three and expel the garrison and this begins this begins a war with Rome they ask pyres to fight on their behalf he arrives in southern Italy in 280 and very soon after before he's really ready he fights a battle at Heraclea with Rome he wins been a great loss this battle is won by elephants both of them prepare properly for war 279 is the second battle Rome has built 300 anti elephant carts and this battle takes place over two days Pyrus wins again and again it was because of his elephants he sails down to Sicily after creating a tentative armistice with Rome he turns into a dictator he desecrates a temple which ends badly for him and then he's called back to Rome in 275 as they're breaking this peace treaty had gone into he meets Roman at then-known mal event 'm now known as Benevento and he's defeated when he's are an elephant's turn on him this ends the park war at the same time the war has ended piracy is not dead Tarentum has not fallen even though every night everyone knows that rome has has won that war egypt recognizes Rome in 273 by sending ambassadors Rome responds in 272 by sending ambassadors back to Egypt at that same time to rent and false they surrender and Pyrus dies in the streets of Argos so what we've covered essentially is the life of Pyrus do we have any questions we're over time if we don't have any questions tomorrow we'll just quickly review this history and then move on from Pyrus if you'll kneel with me dear father in heaven thank you Lord for our blessings thank you for this new day and the ability to come together and to study Lord we know that you your voice is as many waters Lord and as someone said recently those waters are histories and nations and kingdoms and Lord you wish to teach us through these histories I pray Lord that you'll guide us in our studies direct us to what we need to know for this time that we might be prepared both mentally in heart and mind and also that we can do our duty what you have raised up this movement to do in both the churches the world around us I pray you'll be with each head bowed as they go through the day you know the individual battles the individual studies and work being undertaken by each person here and I pray that you'll bless that and and and guide I pray this in Jesus name Amen